Ikisan - Morphology of Brinjal
- Brinjal or eggplant, Solanum melongena L. Belonging to
the family Solanaceae is herbaceous annual with erect or semi
- The eggplant is a perennial that is cultivated as an annual.
- It develops bushy plants that grow erect to about 2-4 feet tall.
- Growth is indeterminate.
- The fruit is a berry, borne singly or in clusters.
- It is a self-pollinated crop but the cross-pollination to the extent
of 30 to 40%.
- Four types of flowers are there in Brinjal.
- They are long-styled and medium-styled flowers produced fruits whereas
pseudoshort styled and true short-styled flowers did not set any fruit.
- Fruit setting in the Brinjal varieties with long-styled flowers varied
from 70 to 86% while short-styled flowers did not set fruit.
- The fruit is a pendent, fleshy berry that can be oval, round, or oblong,
2-8 inches in diameter.
- The epidermis or skin of the fruit is thin and smooth.
- The fruit is mostly fleshy placenta, in which the seeds are embedded
in a mass of spongy tissue.
- Most cultivators today have purple fruits, although colors may range
from yellowish white to red, and to blackish-purple.