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  Seed Varieties


Ikisan - Brinjal varieties of India

Varieties Of India

  • Selection of variety is an important consideration in the cultivation of brinjal as the local preference varies considerably from region to region and even district to district.
  • A variety with a particular color and size of the fruit fetching premium price in the market, may be totally rejected in another area.
  • Since the ultimate aim of the farmer is to get maximum return for his produce, judicious selection of the type with reference to market demands is very important in this crop.

CO1

  • It is a pureline selection.
  • Fruits are oblong and medium sized with pale green shade under white background.
  • The plants are compact and bushy.
  • It has a yield potential of 20-25 tones/ha.
  • The fruits are soft seeded even at full maturity.
  • It was developed from the vegetable section of the then agricultural college and Research Institute, Coimbatore.
  • It is preferred in the markets of southern districts of Tamil Nadu such as Tirunelveli, Ramananthapuram etc., and also Karnataka State.

MDU 1

  • This was developed at the Department of Horticulture, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai.
  • The plants are vigorous and compact. Fruits are round with large size each weighing about 200-250g., bright purple in color and have less seed content.
  • As the fruit matures, the purple color fades to pale pink.
  • It is a pure line selection from a local type called kallampatti.
  • It has got a yield potential of 30 tones/ha, in a crop duration of 135-140 days.
  • Preferred in Madurai and Trichy districts of Tamil Nadu and also in Kerala State.

Annamalai

  • This is an aphid resistant variety developed at the department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University.
  • The fruits are oblong, deep purple in colour with a characteristic yellowish mark along the calyx border and a few thorns on the calyx surface.
  • This is preferred in Cuddalore, Villupuram, Vellore, Thiruvannamalai and chengalpattu districts and Chennai market.
  • It has a yield potential of 20-22 tones /ha.

CO 2

  • This variety was developed at the Department of Vegetable crops, College of Horticulture, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, and Coimbatore.
  • It is a pure line selection from local variety called varikkathiri in the village Negamam of Pollachi taluk, Coimbatore district.
  • The plants are compact with slightly oblong fruits having dark purple streaks of different lengths and widths under pale green background without spines on the calyx surface.
  • It has a great preference in Coimbatore and Erode districts of Tamil Nadu.
  • It yields about 35 tones/ha in crop duration of 150 days.

PKM 1

  • It was evolved at the then Horticultural Research Station, Periyakulam of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University from a local type called Puzhuthi Kathiri through mutation breeding.
  • It is adapted to rainfed cultivation in Madurai and Anna Districts.
  • The fruits are small and slightly oblong ovate with green stripes.

PLR 1

  • This is a reselection from a Nagpur ecotype developed at the vegetable Research station, Palur of TNAU in cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu.
  • The fruits are small to medium in size, sometimes borne in clusters, egg shaped and with bright glossy purple colour.
  • It fetches premium price in the markets of Cuddalore, Chengalpattu and chennai.
  • It has got a shelf life of 8-10 days under ambient temperature.
  • It yields on an average 25 tones/ha.

Pusa Purple Long

  • It was developed at Indian Agricultural Research institute, New Delhi through pureline selection.
  • Fruits are glossy, light purple in colour, 25-30cm long and smooth.
  • It has an yield potential of 25-37 tones/ha.

Pusa Purple Round

  • It was also evolved at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
  • The plants are very tall with a thick stem of greenish purple colour.
  • Leaves are highly serrated and deep green in colour.
  • Fruits are round with purple colour.
  • Each fruit weighs on an average 130-140g.

Pusa Purple Cluster

  • It is a cluster bearing type developed at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
  • Fruits are born in clusters.
  • In cluster 2-3 fruits of dark purple colour, medium size fruits are present.
  • Yield about 40-45tonnes/ha.

Arka Sheel

  • It is a pureline selection from a coorg type developed at Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore.
  • Fruits are medium long and deep purple in colour with less seed.
  • It yields about 39 tones/ha in 120 days.

Arka shirish

  • An extra long brinjal cultivar improved from a local type called Irangeri brinjal of Karnataka State.
  • Fruits are very long, light green in colour and the yield is around 45-47 tones/ha in a crop duration of 115 days.
  • It was evolved at IIHR, Bangalore.

Arka Kusumakar

  • This is another variety developed at IIHR, Bangalore through pure line selection from a local variety in Karnataka.
  • The fruits are medium long, finger shaped and pale green in colour and borne in clusters of 5-7.
  • It yields about 45 tones/ha in 120 days.

Arka Neelkanth

  • Developed at IIHR, Bangalore.
  • Plants are tall and are compact.
  • Fruits are short with violet blue glossy skin, green purple calyx, tender flesh having slow maturing seeds and free from bitter flesh having slow maturing seeds and free from bitter principle.
  • Each fruit weighs 40g on an average and are borne in clusters in two flushes.
  • Young leaves are dark green with purple leaf base and veins.
  • Stem is purple green.
  • This variety is resistant to bacterial wilt and has very good cooking and keeping qualities.
  • It yields 40 tones/ha in crop duration of 150 days.

Arka Nidhi

  • It was also developed at IIHR, Bangalore.
  • Plants are tall well branched and compact.
  • Fruits are medium long with blue black glossy skin, green purple calyx, tender flesh with slow maturing seeds, free from bitter.
  • The fruits weigh on average 43g and borne in clusters in two flushes: cooking and keeping qualities are good.
  • It is also resistant to bacterial wilt.
  • It yields 48.5 t/ha in crop duration of 150 days.

Pant Samrat

  • It is a selection from a local collection made at Pant Nagar Agricultural University.
  • Resistant to Phomopsis blight.

Pant Rituraj

  • It is a hybrid derivative of the cross between T3 x PPC made at Pant Nagar.
  • Fruits are almost round and attractive purple in colour.

Azad Kranti

  • It was developed at C.S.Azad University of Agriculture at Kalianpur, Kanpur.
  • Fruits are dark purple, oblong and 15-20cm long.

Jamuni Gola

  • It is a variety developed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  • Fruits are round, shining with purple colour.

Kt4

  • Developed at Regional Station, Katrain of IARI.
  • Fruits are cylindrical, borne in clusters of 3-5.
  • Average yield 37 tones/ha.
  • It is resistant to bacterial wilt.

Pusa Kranti

  • Fruits are 15-20 cm long, dark purple with shining green calyx, less seeded.
  • It yields 27 tones/ha.

Punjab Barsati

  • This was developed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. The palnts grow to a height of 65-70cm.
  • Fruits are oblong in shape bluish purple in colour.
  • It has a potential yield of 25-30 tones/ha.

Punjab Neelum

  • This was also developed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  • The fruits are long and purple.
  • It yields 30 tones/ha.

APAU Gulabi

  • This variety was developed at the Department of Horticulture, Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Hyderabad.
  • Fruits are long and pale purple in colour.
  • It can yield 23-25 tones/ha in a crop duration of 160-165 days.

APAU shyamala

  • This was also developed at the Department of Horticulture of Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Hyderabad.
  • Fruits are very small, round in shape and dark purple in colour.
  • It gives 15-16 tones/ha in 135-150 days.

APAU Bagyamathi

  • Developed at Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Hyderabad.
  • Fruits are oblong in shape, deep purple in colour.
  • In a crop duration of 150 days it can give 23-30 tonnes/ha.

KKM 1

  • This variety was developed through single plant selection from a local type collected from Kulathur area at Department of Horticulture, agricultural College, Killikulam, Tirunelveli of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University.
  • The plants are compact bearing small sized white coloured egg shaped fruits in clusters of 2-4 with green calyx.
  • The potential yield is 36 tones/ha.
  • This variety has got the best preference in southern districts of Tamil Nadu.

Aruna

  • It was developed at Punjab Rao Krishi viswa Vidyalaya Akola, Maharashtra.
  • The fruits are small round with deep purple colour.

Besides these improved varieties there are some F1 hybrids also

Pusa Anmol

  • It is an F1 hybrid developed at IARI., New Delhi by crossing Pusa Purple long x Hyderpur.
  • It gives 80 per cent more yield than pusa purple long.

Arka Navneeth

  • It is an F1 Hybrid of IHR 221 x Supreme released by Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore.
  • The fruits are round to slightly oval, big in size, black purple in colour each fruits weighs 400-500 g.
  • It has got an yield potential of 65-75 tones/ha.

MHB - 1

  • This was developed by Maharashtra Hybrid seeds company Jalna(MAHYCO).
  • This is a tall erect growing hybrid.
  • Fruits are long, blackish purple in colour, cylindrical in shape; spines are found on the leaves and calyx.
  • It has an yield potential of 50-60 tones/ha.
  • Fruits have very small quantity of seeds.
  • This type of fruits are preferred in central and northern part of the country.

MHB 9

  • This is another hybrid developed by MAHYCO, Jalna.
  • Fruits are narrow, elongated in shape with very light green colour.
  • It has an yield potential of 25-30 tones/ha.
  • The fruits are preferred in Karnataka State.

MHB - 20 (Kalpatharu)

  • Another F1 hybrid developed by Mahyco.
  • The fruits are round with bright reddish purple stripes on a pale whitish green background.
  • Calyx bright green with spines.
  • It has a potential yield of 40-50 tones/ha.

Pusa Hybrid - 5

  • Developed at IARI, New Delhi.
  • The plants are vigorous, non-spiny with semi-erect branches; leaves green with bright pigmentation towards growing tips and younger leaves; fruits long, glossy, attractive dark purple with partially pigmented peduncle.
  • Individual fruit weight is 100g.
  • The average yield is 51.6 tone/ha.

Pusa Hybrid - 6

  • Another F1 hybrid developed at IARI, New Delhi with non-spiny semi erect plants having partial pigementation on younger leaves and growing tips.
  • Fruits round, glossy, attractive purple with partially pigmented peduncle.
  • Single fruit weighs 250-300g.
  • It takes 85-90 days from sowing to first picking.
  • An early bearing hybrid which has a potential yield of 45 tones/ha.

Azad Hybrid

  • It was developed at C.S.Azad Agricultural University at Kaliyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh by a cross Azad B1 x Kaliyanpur Type 3 in which the prolific bearing character has been contributed by the kaliyanpur type 3 while colour, shape and fruit size by Azad B1.
  • The plants are semi-erect with 60-70 cm in spread, branched, leaf lamina green and entire, early fruiting: fruits bold bright purple, round, calyx green, thin, non fleshy and penduncle green.
  • The fruits retain their purple colour for a longer period and possess better shelflife.
  • The average yield is 45 tones/ha.
  • It is less prone to shoot and fruit borer infestation.

Hisar Shyamal (H8)

  • Developed at HAU, Hisar by crossing aushye x BR 112.
  • Plants are erect with purple green foliage from flowering onwards.
  • Fruits round, fleshy, bright purple with dark green puple pedicel.
  • This variety is resistant to bacterial wilt and tolerant to lettle leaf.

 
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