- Citrus fruits are members of the "Rutaceae" family which
contain more than a thousand species mostly found in tropical region
of Africa, South-East Asia and Australia.
- The following are varieties of citrus extensively cultivated in India.
- Three varieties of sweet orange viz., Sathgudi (or Cheeni) Mosambi,
and Batavian are popular in the state.
- As the name suggests, the fruit originates from Mozambique.
it has prominent streaks on the rind and a circular grove at the
- The fruit is subglobose in shape; juice is not plentiful and
though sweet, sometimes it can be almost insipid due to an unbalanced
- This variety contains more seeds than the sathgudi orange.
- The name Sathgudi owes its origin to a place "Sathgur"
in Tamil Nadu.
- This variety is popular among cultivators in Andhra Pradesh
because of higher yield potential, wider adaptability and better
- The fruit is spherical in shape with a smooth surface, the
rind is thin, semi-glossy, finely pitted and orange coloured when
- It has 10 to 12 segments, abundant juice (45%), T.S.S. (Total
Soluble Solids) 6.4%, acidity 0.69% and an ascorbic acid content
of 44 mg/100g.
- Popular in the North coastal districts of the state,this is similar
to sathgudi. it develops yellow patches on the green rind of the fruit
when it is basketed to protect itself from the sucking moth.
Acid lime fruits
- This variety is often reffered to as Kagzi lime in some parts
of India and is grown extensively all over the state.
- The fruit is round to oblong in shape, the rind thin, smooth
and yellow; the apex round and slightly nippled; the pulp is light
greenish-yellow, juice and very acidic.
- Grown in the coastal districts, the Vadlapudi orange, also known as
the Guntur Orange, is very popular and a much favoured sour orange.
- However, it is highly susceptible to root rot and collar rot disease.
- In the early 1940's several plantations in Guntur and Krishna districts
suffered extensively from this calamity.
- Over the last five decades, efforts have been made at the Fruit Research
Station, Anantharajupet (Kodur) to introduce and evaluate different
varieties of citrus species. Among the many sweet orange varieties tested.
- Sathagudi and Valencia Late were found to have the best potential.
- As Valendia Late matures late in the season, it commands a good price
in the market.
- Also, the performance of Washington Navel, Buckey Navel and Blood
Red cualtivars is good, indicating their desirability for commercial
The following high-yielding varieties in each kind of citrus
fruit were selected and recommended
||Sathgudi, Valencia Late
||Malta, Nepali Oblong, Lemon Long
||Marsh Seedless, Thompson