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Introduction > Groundnut Varieties Of India > Groundnut Growing Zones Of India > List Of Groundnut Varieties Released Zone And State Wise > Important Characteristics Of Groundnut Varieties Of India (Part 1) > Important Characteristcs Of Groundnut Varieties Of India (Part 2) > Important Characteristics Of Groundnut Varieties Of India (Part 3) > Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi >Groundnut Varieties(Character Details)in AP


Ikisan - Groundnut varieties

Introduction

  • India is facing shortage of edible oils at present due to which we have to resort to large scale imports at the expense of huge foreign exchange.
  • Groundnut is the major oilseeds crop accounting for 45 percent of oilseeds area and 55 percent of oilseeds production of the country.
  • As such this crop has to play a major role in bridging the vegetable oil gap in the country.
  • But the current average yield level of 748 kg/ha is deplorably low as compared to what is being obtained in most of the groundnut growing countries in the world.
  • One of the main reasons for the low yield of production in the country is the wide scale non-adoption of newer varieties.
  • It is a well established fact that adoption of an improved variety alone can increase the yield by about 20 per cent.
  • In India over 60 improved groundnut varieties have been released by our scientists for general cultivation.

 
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Ikisan - Groundnut varieties of India

Groundnut Varieties Of India

  • The cultivated groundnut (Archis hypogaea Linn.) has three distinct botanical groups viz., pish (Sub sp. Fastigiata var. vulgaris), Valencia (Sub sp.fastigiata var. fastigiata) and Virginia (sub. Sp. hypogaea var. hypogaea).
  • The pish and valencia types popularly called as "Bunch" grow erect, possess light green foliage and produce pods in clusted at the base of the plant.
  • The seeds are non-dormant and roundish with light rose testa (deep rose or purple testa in valencia).
  • The virginia group which includes both virginia bunch (Semi-spreading) and virginia runner (spreading) types , on the other hand, possesses dark green foliage and the branches trail on the soil surface either partially or completely.
  • The main stem is devoid of fruit and pods are scattered all along the branches.
  • The seeds are dormant, oblong in shape with brownish testa.
  • In general, the spreading and semi-spreading varieties mature late as compared with the bunch varieties.
  • Groundnut is cultivated commercially in both Kharif as well as Rabi/summer seasons.
  • In kharif (rainy) season the crop is grown under rainfed conditions between May to December by planting varieties belonging to different habit groups.
  • In contrast, during Rabi/Summer (post rainy) season the varieties belonging to pish bunch and valencia are preferred for their shorter duration and are grown under irrigated conditions.

 
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Ikisan - Groundnut growing zones of india

Groundnut Growing Zones Of India

  • Owing to the vast agro-ecological situation in which Kharif groundnut is grown the entire area has been divided into six zones as follows:

Zone I (North Zone)

  • Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar and Northern Rajasthan (Jaipur, Ajmer, Bharatpur, Sawi Madhopur and Tonk districts).

Zone II (Western Zone)

  • Gujarat, Southern Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jhalawar districts).

Zone III (Central Zone)

  • Madhya Pradesh (excluding Mandsour and Ratlam districts) and Maharashtra (excluding Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanabad and Nanded districts).

Zone IV (south-eastern zone)

  • Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh ( Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam, districts) and Southern Maharashtra (satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanbad and Nanded districts).

Zone V (Peninsular zone)

  • Karnataka Andhrapradesh, (excluding Srikakulam and Vishakapatnam districts) and southern Maharastra (Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanabad and Nanded districts ).

Zone VI (Southern zone)

  • Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

 
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Untitled Document Ikisan - List of groundnut varieties released statewise

List Of Groundnut Varieties Released State-Wise

States
involved
No of varieties
evolved
Habit groups
Bunch
Pish
Virginia
Valencia
Semi spreading
Spreading
ZoneI(Northern Zone)

Bihar

2

-

-

BG1

1

Haryana

2

MH1

MH2

-

-

Punjab

8

SG84

-

C 501

PG 1

       

M 145

M 13

       

M 197

M 37

         

M 335

Rajasthan

2

-

-

RSB 87s

RS 1

Uttar
pradesh

5

 

-

T 28

Chandra

       

T 64

Chitra

       

Kaushal
(G 201)

(MA 10)

Total

19

2

1

9

7

Zone 1I (Western Zone)

Gujarat

5

J 11

-

-

 
   

GAUG 1

-

-

GAUG 10

   

GG 2

   

GG 11

TOTAL

5

3

-

-

2

Zone III (Central Zone)

Madhya
Pradesh

2

Jyoti

Gangapuri

-

-

Maharashtra

9

AK 12-24

Kopergaon

TG 1

Karad

   

SB XI

 

(Vikram)

4-11

   

JL 24

 

Koper
gaon1

 
   

TG 17

 

UF 70-103

 

TOTAL

11

5

2

3

1

Zone IV (South Eastern Zone)

Orissa

2

Kisan

-

-

-

   

Jawan

     

TOTAL

2

2

-

-

-

Zone V (Peninsular Zone)

Aandhra
Pradesh

4

ICGS 11

-

Kadiri 2

Kadiri 71-1

        Kadiri 3  

Karnataka

6

pish

-

-

S 230

   

Improved

     
   

S 206

     
   

DH 3-30

     
   

KRG 1

     
   

DH 8

     

Total

10

6

-

2

2

Zone VI (Southern Zone)

Tamilnadu

16

TMV 2

-

TMV 6

TMV 1

   

TMV 5

 

TMV 8

TMV 3

   

TMV 7

 

TMV 10

TMV 4

   

POL 1

     
   

TMV 9

     
   

POL 2

TMV 11

   
   

TMV 12

     
   

CO 1

     
   

CO 2

     

Total

16

9

1

3

3

Grandtotal

63

27

4

17

15


 
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Ikisan - Important Characteristics of groundnut varieties of India(part1)

Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 1)

Name of the variety

Area for which released

Pod yield kg/ha

Shelling %

Oil %

Salient features

Pish Improved

Tract of Bombay Karnataka region

2400

67.0

44.0

Less prominent beak and constriction, kernels with round ends.

Ak 12-24

Vidarbha region of maharashtra but grown in the states of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

1250

75.0

48.5

Wider adaptability, suited for medium to heavy soils.

TMV 2

Tamil Nadu, currenly grown in Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka state

1025

76.7

49.0

Widely adapted, well suited for summer season.

J 11

Gujrat State, suitable for other states also

1300

75.0

49.0

Wider adaptability, resistant to collar rot and Aspergillus flavus invasion. Suitable for summer season also.

TMV 5

Tamilnadu state

1250

74.6

50.5

Mature in 110 days, partially dormant.

SB XI

Maharashtra state

1300

75.0

49.0

Suitable for cultivation in summer season also

TMV 7

Tamil Nadu state

1400

75.2

49.6

Bold poded darker green foliage

Pollachi 1

Pollachi tract of Tamil Nadu

1450

76.6

48.2

Fit for HPS export.

S 206

Northern Karnataka

1900

73.0

49.5

Reticulated pod with slight beak and constriction.

TMV 9

Tamil Nadu state

1150 (Rainfed) 2000 (Irrigated)

75.6

51.4

Dormancy upto 15 days.

Jyoti

Madhya Pradesh state

1600

77.8

53.3

Less incidence of root rot and collar rot.

GAUG 1

Gujarat State

1500

76.0

50.0

Yielded 7% higher than J 11 in trials. Small thin shelled pods having prominent beak.

Pollachi 2

Coimbatore, Salem and Trichi districts of Tamil Nadu

1500 (Rainfed) 2700 (Irrigated)

78.6

48.6

High shelling per cent.

Dh 3-30

Northern Karnataka

2800

77.6

46.5

Pod with prominent beak and construction bold kernel HPS catagory tolerant to drought.

MH1

Haryana state

2000

70.0

50.0

Light green leaves and light rose kernels small pods.

TMV 12

Tamil Nadu

1250 (Rainfed) 2100 (Irrigated)

72.0

51.2

Medium to bold pods shallow constriction.

JL 24 (phule pragati)

Maharashtra state but suitable for other states

1800

75.0

50.7

Large dark green leaves. Early (95 days) smooth pod, compact bearing widely adopted.

CO 1

Tamil Nadu

1300 (rainfed 2200 irrigated)

74.0

50.4

High harvest index suited for rabi/summer cultivation also.

Kisan

Orissa State

1600

70.8

49.9

Small pod with prominent reticulation


 
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Ikisan - Important Characteristics of groundnut varieties of India (part2)

Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 2)

Name of the variety

Area for which released

Pod yield kg/ha

Shelling %

Oil %

Salient features

Kadiri 3

Andhra Pradesh but adopted to entire country

2100

75.0

49.0

Clustered bearing smooth and short pod rose testa early maturity (105 days) suitable for summer season also.

BG 1

Bihar state

2000

70.0

48.0

Bold pod SMK % 93-95.

BG 2

Bihar state

2200

69.0

49.3

Bold pod SMK % 93-95

M 197

Punjab state

1800

67.4

51.2

Leaves dark green pod with smooth venation earlier than C 501. Bold kernel.

Chitra

Uttar Pradesh state

2000

71.0

49.0

Leaves dark green testa varigated on rose back ground.

Koushal (G201)

All India

1700

71.0

49.0

Compact plant dark green leaves even at maturity early (108-112 days) 1-3 seeded pod.

UF 70-103

Vidharbha and western region of Maharashtra state

2000

71.3

52.0

Suitable for summer.

TMV 1

Tamil Nadu state

1450

73.5

50.0

Pod 1-3 seeded

TMV 3

Tamil Nadu state

1450

76.7

49.6

Pod short 1-3 seeded with reticulation and constriction.

TMV 4

Tamil Nadu state

1450

75.5

50.0

High percentage of 3-4 seeded pod

Punjab 1

Punjab but grown in Gujarat and Rajasthan state also

1900

69.0

49.0

Wider adaptability.

RS 1

Rajasthan

1300

71.0

45.0

Kernal medium bold

Karad 4-11

Satara, Sangali, Kolhapur, ,Solapur and Pune district

1000

72.0

48.0

Medium to long pod 1-3 seeded.

T 28

Uttar Pradesh

1900

74.0

47.5

Pod 3 seeded with prominent beak and reticulation kernel medium spherical with light red testa.

M145

Punjab state

2200

76.0

50.5

Light green leaves 1-3 seeded pods purple coloured testa smaller lateral spread.

S 230

Northern Karnataka

1280

70.0

50.0

-

Kadiri 71-1

Rayal seema region of Andhra Pradesh

1390

74.0

47.0

Efficient in fixing atmospheric nitrogen.

M 13

Entire country

2750

68.0

49.0

Leaves dark green with waxy coating. Large sized pod HPS category prominent reticulation and medium constriction, tolerant to leafspot.

GAUG 10

Gujarat

1800

74.0

50.0

Plant well branched stem thin,nine per cent higher yield over Punjab 1 in trial, medium sized pod 2-1 seeded with rose testa.

Chandra

Uttar Pradesh

2500

70.0

47.7

Bold pod kernel light rose big oval shaped.

M 37

Punjab

1650

69.0

50.5

Pod two seded with small beak kernels with light brown testa.

GG 11

Entire Gujarat

2050

72.6

48.6

Leaflet and pod bigger than GAUG 10 4.9% higher yield than GAUG 10 and 14.3% higher yield than M 13.

M 335

Sandy areas of Punjab under irrigated condition during Kharif season

2300

67.0

49.0

Plant has less lateral spread, leaflets large and dark green in colour, pod bold with 1-2 seeded and rarely 3 seeded. Reticulation prominent,constriction medium,kernels bold with light brown testa.

 


 
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Ikisan - Important Characteristics of groundnut varieties of India (part3)

Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 3)

Name
of
the variety

Area for which released

Pod yield kg/ha

Shelling %

Oil %

Salient features

KRG 1

Raichur,
Ballary
and
Gulbarga
districts
of Karnataka

1200 (rainfed 2230 (Irrig ated)

73.0

49.0

Medium sized pod 2 seeded suitable for summer season also.

TG 17

Maharashtra
state for
summer season

2000

69.0

49.0

Bold poded pinkish kernel, high harvest index. Fresh seed dormancy upto 30 days.

GG2

Saurashtra
region of
Gujarat for
summer season

3100

70.5

49.0

Early flowering dark green leaves, reticulated 2 seeded pod.

Jawan

Orissa State

1230 (Rainfed 2000) (Irrig ated)

66.3

47.6

Elongated pod with slight larger beak, medium rose kernel.

Co 2

Tamil Nadu state

1650 (Rain fed) 2700 (Irrig ated)

77.0

51.4

Medium pod 1-2 seeded plumpy rose colour testa.

Dh 8

Transitional
tract of
northern
Karnataka

3200

71.7

46.0

Dark green leaves,compact plant, tolerant to late leafspot, pods small, smooth kernal rose rounded at one end and sharply pointed at the other.

ICGS 11

Zone III - comprising
parts of
Madhya
Pradesh and Maharashtra
and
Zone V -
comprising
Andhra Pradesh,
Karnataka
and part
of Maharashtra
for Rabi/
summer
cultivation

2000

70.0

48.7

Dark green leaflet, compact plant, pod 2 seded constriction and reticulation less prominent & beak absent.

SG 84

Loamy
soil of Punjab
under irrigation
for spring season

2062

64.0

50.0

Plant grows errect with medium sized dark green leaves pod 2 seeded with medium constriction and slight beak testa light brown.

Ganga
puri

Madhya
Pradesh &
entire country

2000

59.7

49.5

3-4 seeded pod with purple testa colour susceptable to aphids and jassids.

Koper
gaon 3

Western Maharashtra

1900

69.0

47.0

Early maturity (90 days) 3 seeded red testa preferred as a table type.

TMV 11

Tamil Nadu

1200

73.0

50.2

Big pod 1-3 seeded thick shelled purple testa.

MH 2

Haryana

3000

72.0

49.0

Vary dwarf plant pod 1-4 seeded red testa responsive to closer slacing 15 x 15 cm

Koper
gaon 1

Sangli and Kolhapur
district of Maharashtra

1250

72.0

47.0

Pod medium in size

RSB 87

Kota division and other heavy soil area of Rajasthan

1750

66.0

50.0

Small dark green leaflets pod 3 seeded with dark red kernels.

TMV 6

Tamil Nadu state

950

73.0

48.0

Suited for table purpose pod 1-3 seeded with shallow to medium constriction prominent reticulation.

C 501

Punjab state

1750

68.0

48.0

1-3 seeded pod well suited for sandy loam soil under irrigation,mature in 123 days.

T 64

Uttar
Pradesh state

2100

70.0

48.0

Bold pod HPS category with prominent reticulation and beak, kernels elleptical with light red testa.

TMV 8

Southern
and central
region of
Tamil Nadu
state

1600

74.4

50.1

Mostly 3 seeded pod,dormant upto 60 days.

TMV10

Tamil Nadu
but suitable for
entire country

1700

77.7

54.4

Testa varigated high oil content.

TG
1 (Vikar
am)

Entire country

2695

68.0

46.5

Bold pod HPS Grade profuse branching but late maturity.

Kadiri 2

Srikakulam Visakhapatnam
and Chittor
district of
Andhra Pradesh

1800

78.0

47.0

Efficient in fixing atmospheric nitrogen,maturing in 115-120 days. Bold seeded brownish testa.


 
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Ikisan - Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi

Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi

Season

For the conditions

Suitable variety

Duration (in days)

Kharif

a) Minimum rainfall drought

Vemana (K - 134), Tirupati - 2
TMV - 2, J.C.G - 88

105-110

Tirupati - 1 and 4
Kadiri - 5

100-105

b) Moderate water facility

Vemana (K - 134), TMV - 2,
Tirupati - 1 and 4, Kadiri - 5, Narayani

105-110

Kadiri - 3

115-120

c) High rainfall

Tirupati - 3

125-135

Kadiri - 3, T.G 26

115-120

d) Budnecrosis

R - 8808
Kadiri - 3
I.C.G.S - 11 and 44

105-110
115-120
120-125

e) Leaf spot

Vemana (K - 134)
Kadiri - 5

105-110

Tirupati - 3

125-130

f) Kalahasti malady

Tirupati - 3
Kalahasti

125-130
100-105

g) Late on set of monsoon

Kadiri - 4 (K-150), Kadiri - 5

90-100

Rabi

a) Under good irrigation facility

Tirupati - 2, Vemana J.L. 24, Kalahasti G.G. 2, Kadiri - 6

105-110

Tirupati - 4, Narayani
Kadiri - 3
Kadiri - 4, T.A.G -24

100-105
115-120
95-105

ICGS - 11; ICGS - 44
D.R.G. 12; D.R.G. 17

120-125

b) Rice fallows

Kadiri - 4, G.A.G - 24

95-100


 
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Ikisan - Suitable groundnut varieties in A.P

Groundnut Varieties (Character Details)in AP

Variety

Season

Characters

Shelling %

Oil %

Yield (kg/acr)

TMV2

Kharif

Rabi

For all areas, especially for low rainfall areas, Non dormant, Susceptible to leaf spot diseases.

76.0

49.0

580-600

1200-1400

JL-24

Kharif

Rabi

Suitable for areas with assured rainfall and irrigation facility. Bold seeded and uniform maturity. Not suitable for low rainfall areas.

75.0

47.0

600-720

1400-1520

Kadiri-3

Kharif Rabi

Suitable for assumed rainfall areas. Tolenant to Budnecrosis. Dormancy exists.

75.0

49.0

600-840

1400-1600

Vemana (K-134)

Kharif

Rabi

Spanish bunch variety, tolerant to drought and leaf spot diseases. Having dormancy. Pegs are strong. More haulms weight.

77.0

49.0

720-1040

1400-1600

Kadiri-4 (K-150)

Rabi

Plant is short and pods around main root. Non dormant. Suitable for Rabi. Short duration.

70.0

48.0

1400-1600

Tirupati-1

Kharif

Rabi

In areas with minimum rainfall in place of T.M.V-2 this can be cultivated suitable for rainfed conditions. Small seeded bunch variety.

76.0

49.0

800-1000

1400-1600

Tirupati-2

Kharif

Rabi

Tolerant to kalahasti malady caused due to nematodes. Suitable for areas having irrigation facility. Pegs are strong and hence can be cultivated in black soils.

76.0

49.0

800-840

1400-1600

Tirupati -3

Kharif

Rabi

Bunch type. In place of bunch varieties which are susceptible to kalahasti malady this can be cultivated where irrigation facilities are available.

76.0

53.0

800-1000

1400-1800

Tirupati-4

Kharif

Rabi

Kernals are bigger in size than TMV 2 and Tirupati-2 varieties. Drought tolerant.

75.0

49.0

800-1000

1400-1800

1 C GS-11

Rabi

Tolerant to Budnecrosis disease.

70.0

48.0

1200

JCG-88

Kharif

Rabi

Semi spreading. Tolerant to leaf spot disease.

74.0

48.0

1200

Kadiri-5

Kharif

Rabi

Semi spreading. Tolerant to leaf spot diseases. Short duration. Strong pegs and drought tolerant.

72.0

48.0

720-920

1400-1600

Kadiri-6

Kharif

Rabi

Semi spreading type. Suitable for Rabi Short duration variety.

72.0

48.0

800-880

1520-1680

Narayani

Kharif

Rabi

Semi spreading type. Tolerant to leaf spot disease.

76.0

49.0

800-1000

1400-1800

Kalahasti

Rabi

Can be cultivated in place of bunch varieties susceptible to kalahasti melady.

76.0

52.0

1800-2000


 
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