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Varieties Classification Based on Duration > Notified High Yielding Varieties And Hybrids > Composite Varieties > Maize Varieties and their Characters


Ikisan - Maize varieties classification based on duration

Varieties Classification Based On Duration

Five different maturity groups are recognized for cultivation in India

Full season maturity

  • Genotypes mature at 105-110 days or more. They are either rainfed or irrigated .
    eg: Ganga-5, Ganga-9, Deccan 103

Medium maturity

  • Varieties need 95-100 days to mature and suit well to regions with assured rainfall.
    Eg; Composites

Early maturity

  • Varieties need 89 to 90 days to mature.Suit either in monocropping or inter cropping.

Very early maturity Varieties

  • Reqire 75-80 days. They are suited as summer season crops or for inter cropping under raifed conditions. Eg: Diara, Diara-3 and D765

Extra early maturing

  • Suitable for cultivation under rainfed conditions at a very high altitude (>2500m). Growing season is very short and temperature relatively low.
    Eg: composite Auli.

 
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Ikisan - Notified high yielding maize composites/Hybrids

Notified High Yielding Maize Composites/Hybrids

Name of State
-
Kharif cultivars
Rabi

FullSeason

Medium

Early

Extra Early

Maharashtra Hybrids

Ganga - II, Ganga-2, DHM 103, PRO-311 (4640) Y-1402 K. SSF 9374 (3058) Bio 9681, JK 2492.

MMH 69

KH 9451

Pusa 11

Pusa Hybrid-1, Pusa Hybrid-2, MMH 133 x 1123 G (3342)Kiran Panch ganga

Hybrids : Ganga 11, DHM 103, Trishulata, Ganga, Safed-2, KH 5991, 5981,Dhawal, Panch ganga ICI 705, X 1382 (3054)

Composites Prabhat Navjot    

Andhra Pradesh

Hybrids

DHM 103, Ganga-2

Pro 311 (4646) SSF 9374

Bio 9681, Y-1402 K (3058)JK 2492

KH 755

KH 510

DHM 107

DHM 109, Pusa Hybrid-1,Pusa Hybrid-2, MMH 133 x 1123 G (3342) PAC 701

Ganga II, DHM 103, 105, Trishulata, KH 5991, 5891,

Composites Prabhat Navjot    

Karnataka, Hybrids

DHM 103, Ganga II, SSF 9374

Bio 9681, Pro 311 (4640)

MMH 69, Y-1420 K (3058)

(4840) KH 9451

DHM 107

KH 755

KH 510

Navjot

DHM 109

Pusa Hybrid -1

Pusa Hybrid- 2

7 Renuka

Ganga II, DHM 103, 105,

Trishulata, KH 5991, 5981, DHM 1, CoH-2, 3 x 1382 (3054)

Dhawal Co 1

Composites Prabhat Navjot    

Tamilnadu Hybrids

DHM 103,

Ganga II,

PRO 311 (4640) Bio 9681, SSF 9374 CoH 2, CoH3, JK 2482, Y 1402 K (3058)

DHM 107

KH 755

KH 510, KH 9451, MMH 69

DHM 109, MMH 133,

Pusa Hybrid -1

Pusa Hybrid -2

X 1123 G (3342) PAC 701

Ganga 11, DHM 103, 105, Trishulata, KH 5991, 5981,

DHM 1, CoH - 2, 3, x 1382 (3054)

Dhawal, Co 1

Composites Co.1, Prabhat Navjot Kiran  

For all states

  • Forage Maize
  • Popcorn
  • Sweet Corn Baby Corn
African Tall, J 1006 Amber Popcorn, VL Amber Popcorn, PearlPopcorn Madhuri IVL 42, Barly Composite Maize

Characteristics of Hybrids

Deccan hybrid

  • It is a double cross hybrid (CM-104 X cm-105) X (CM-202 X CM-201)
  • Stem is thick with broad dark green leaves. Plants are resistant to lodging and remain green at the time of harvest.
  • Possesses high resistance to downey mildew and is fairly resistant to leaf blight, rust and stalk borers.
  • Matures in 105 days in kharif and 10 days in rabi.
  • Grain is bold , light orange and semi dent type. Yield potential 55-60 q/ha
  • The cultivar is suitable to AP, Karnataka , kerala and tamilnadu

Ganga safed 2

  • Cross product of (CM 400 X CM 300X CM 600).
  • Maturity varies from 95 to 100 days strem is medium thick with long narrow light green leaves.
  • Plant are moderately resistant to downey mildew, leaf blight rust boresrs and also lodging
  • Gain is medium round white and flintish. Yield potential is 50-55 q/ha. Suitable for maize growing areas such as UP, Bihar, West Bengal and Rajasthan.

Ganga 4

  • Cross product of CM 400XCM 300X CM602
  • Matures in 100-105 days. Plant have medium thick stem with long narrow green leaves.
  • This cultivar also possesses moderate resistance to downey mildew, leaf blight, rust stem borer and lodging. Suitable for all maize growing areas.

Ganga 7

  • Plants are tall and vigourous tolerent to downey mildew, leaf blight and rust.
  • Ears are tapering and long with tight husk cover. Grains are orange yellow in colour.
  • It yields about 50-55 g grains/ha.

Hi- starch

  • Three way cross hybrid Cm 400 X CM 300 X CM 600
  • It matures within 95-110 days after sowing and produces about 55-70 q grains/ ha.
  • Plants are resiistant to leaf blight, rust, downey mildew, stem borer and lodging
  • Grains are bold, flat and white dent.

Himalayan 123

  • It is a cross product of ( CM 202 X CM 205) X (CM 203 X CM 204)
  • The stems are thick with broader leaves usually bearing single cob having tight husk covering.
  • Plants are resistance to downey mildew and fairly tolorent to leaf bligh and rust.
  • The grainns are bold flint and yellow coloured it is also suitable for high elevation in the himalayan belt specially in Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir.

Paras

  • This is a single cross hybrid. It has well developed root system, strong stem and highly resistant to lodging.
  • It possesses average plant height, ear placement, leaf size and tassel size. Leaves are semi-erect.
  • Ears are very long and thin. Grains are orange yellow flint.
  • The cob is white. The plants have stay green trait and physiological maturity in about 95 days and falls under category Late.
  • The hybrid is highly resistant to the stalk rot complex diseases. It also possesses good level of resistance to Maydis leaf blight.
  • Recommended for irrigated area of Punjab.
  • Yield varies from 3,450 to 6,664 kg/ha.

Rajendra hybrid makka 2

  • Plants intermediate tall. Leaves are narrow and light green.
  • Tassels are long with green colouration. Highly resistant to common rust and Fusarium wilt as well as to Turcicum leaf blight diseases.
  • It is also resistant to R. herculia and S. inference pest. Recommended for plants of Bihar in rabi season.
  • Yield of commercial produce varies from 70 to 80 quintals/ha and seed yield is 20 quintals/ha.

 
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Ikisan - Composite varieties of maize

Composite Varieties

Amber

  • Plants are tall (3-4m). vigorously growing bearing broad dark green leaves.
  • It has partial resistant to downy mildew, leaf blight and rust.
  • Plant matures in 110-115 days and yield potential is 60-65 quintals grain/ha. Grains are flintish and yellow-orange.

Vijay

  • Plants are tall growing, with long, narrow comparatively lighter green leaves. It has a fairly high resistance to leaf blight and rust and a strong tendency to bear 2 cobs (ears) per plant.
  • Ears are long and tapering, grain yellow, bold, flint to semi-flint.
  • It takes 100-105 days to mature and yield potential is 60-65 quintals grains/ha.

Jawahar

  • The stem is thick compact having broad and dark green leaves. Plants bear 1 long, cylindrical cob with tight husk covering.
  • The grains are bold, round and semi-flint in character with orange yellow colour.
  • This variety is resistant to downy mildew, leaf blight, rust and top shoot borer. Released in May 1967 for cultivation in northern plains and Peninsular India.

Kisan

  • Plants resemble to that of Jawahar in growth characters and take nearly 105-110 days to mature. Plants bear 2 short, cylindrical cobs with tight husk covering and the grains are medium, hard, flint and yellow in colour.
  • It is resistant to lodging and tolerant to downy mildew, leaf blight, rust and top shoot borer.
  • It yields about 50-60 quintals grains/ha.
  • Release in May 1967 for Indo-Gangetic plains of India.

Sona

  • Plants possess broad dark green leaves with thick stem. It is resistant to leaf blight and lodging.
  • Plant remains green at harvest and thus make good fodder. It matures in 105-110 days.
  • Yield potential is about 50 quintals/ha.
  • It was released in May 1967 for Indo-Gangetic plains of north India.

Vikram

  • Plants are similar to previous varieties and mature within 95-110 days time.
  • The plants have tendency to bear 2 cobs which are long tapering with bold, hard, flint grains of orange yellow shining colour. It is partially resistant to downy mildew, drought, leaf blight and rust.
  • It was released in May 1967 for Indo-Gangetic plains of north India.

High Lysine Composites

Shakti

  • It matures in about 95-100 days. This contains 10.6% protein and 3.45% lysine.
  • The grains are yellow coloured, semi-flint and soft.
  • It is suitable for growing in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tarai belt of Uttar Pradesh.
  • yield potential is about 45 quintals grains/ha.

Rattan

  • It is a medium maturing variety (95-100 days), which is recommended for commercial cultivation in Punjab and Rajasthan under both rainfed and irrigated conditions.
  • Grains are similar to that of Shakti.
  • It is tolerant to top borer and downy mildew. It contains 10% protein & 3.46% lysine.
  • It yields 40-45 quintals/ha.

Protina

  • This is a composite with high nutritional quality, it contains 11% protein and 40% lysine as against 2% lysine in normal maize.
  • Plants are sturdy and tolerant to downy mildew and stalk rot disease. It takes 100-105 days to mature.
  • Yield potential is 40-45 quintals of grains/ha.

Other Compostie Varieties Released by the States

Pratap

  • It is a medium tall variety with relatively low ear placement. Its stem is strong, medium thick and resists lodging. The ears are long, thick with a tight husk cover.
  • The grains are medium, flint to semident and orange-yellow. It matures in 90-95 days.
  • Its yield potential is 45-50 quintals/ha. It is released for cultivation in Punjab.

Aget-76

  • This is an early maturing vareity (85-90 days).
  • Its grains are attractive, bold, medium-round, orange yellow and mostly of the flint type.
  • In view of its earliness it fits well the popular maize-wheat rotation of Punjab state.
  • It yields about 38-40 quintals grains/ha.

Navjot

  • This composite combines early maturity with lodging and disease resistance and good yield. It gives good performance even in medium and low fertility soils.
  • It matures in about 85 days and has plant type like locals.
  • Its grains are attractive, medium-sized, yellow-orange and mostly of flint type. Being early, it fits well in maize-wheat rotation.
  • It yields about 42 quintals/ha.

Tarun

  • It is an early maturing composite for general cultivation in Uttar Pradesh in 1979.
  • It matures in 85-90 days. Grains are yellow and semi-flint type. It has a high degree of resistance to brown stripe downy mildew and pythium stalk rot.
  • It yields about 45-50 quintals grains/ha.

Kanchan

  • It is a very early maturing composite (75-80 days) released for cultivation in Uttar Pradesh in 1982. It responds to low level of management. Grains are yellow coloured.
  • This has the resistance against brown stripe downy mildew and stalk rot.

Shweta

  • It is early maturing composite released for general cultivation in Uttar Pradesh in 1980. It matures in 85-95 days. Grains are white and semi-flint type.
  • It has a high degree of resistance to brown stripe downy mildew disease and also tolerant to stalk rots.
  • It yields about 45-50 quintal grains/ha. It is suitable for growing in areas where white maize varieties are peferred over yellow.

Laxmi

  • It has short plant height (about 2m). Grains are white and semi-dent. It matures in 150-175 days in rabi season but it is not recommended for kharif season because of its late maturity.
  • Its yield potential is very high (65-70 quintals/ha.) Released in Bihar for rabi cultivation in 1980.

Dewaki Composite

  • Plant fairly tall, stem green with thick green leaves. Silk colour green to pink.
  • Tassel compact and green. Grain white, semident, bold and flat. Full season maturity for rabi and kharif season.
  • Yield of commercial produce varies from 75 to 80 quintals/ha during rabi and 45-50 quintals/ha during kharif. Seed yield is 20 quintals/ha.

Birsa Makai 1 (Barsha)

  • Early maturity (80-85 days), plant height varies from 160 to 180 cm. Grian yellow flint. Moderately resistant to Mydis and highly resistant to Turcicum leaf blight. No major pest susceptible.
  • Recommended for rainfed upland and medium upland of Chotanagpur regions of South Bihar.
  • Under normal conditions its yield varies from 35 to 40 q/ha.

Composite C-14

  • An early maturing (95-100 days). Plant height 1.5-2.0 m. High level of field resistance to major disease pevailing in the valley of Kaskmir as compared to local cultivars, specific mention needs to be made of dreadly leaf blight (H.tursicum).
  • Under field conditions reaction to major pests has shown less than 1% (0.6%) stem borer infestation as against 2.8% recorded in local checks.
  • Yield varies from 50 to 55 q/ha under normal conditions.

Maha Kanchan

  • It is an early maturing composite for cultivation in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Peninsular India, Delhi, Punjab and Tarai region of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is a high-yielding cultivar and gaining popularity day-by-day.

 
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Ikisan - Maize varieties and their characters

Maize Varieties and their Characters

Sl. No.
Variety / Hybrids
Suitable for Rainfed / Irrigated conditions
Duration (in days)
Yield q/acre
Characters
Hybrids

1.

DHM – 103

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 105-120 22-25 Tolerant to leaf blight and Stem rot diseases

2.

DHM – 105

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 105-120 25-30 Tolerant to leaf blight and wilt

3.

DHM – 1

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 85-90 18-20 Short duration hybrid, tolerant to leaf blight disease

4.

Trisulatha

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 105-120 25-30 Tolerant to leaf blight and wilt diseases

5.

DHM – 107

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 88- 95 22-25 Medium duration hybrid. Tolerant to leaf blight and wilt

6.

DHM - 109

Sutable for Irrigated conditions 85-90 22-25 Short duration hybrid. Tolerant to leaf blight and wilt
Synthetics / composits
7. Aswani / Harsha / Varun Sutable for Irrigated conditions 90-105 18-20

Aswani : Tolerant to Stemborer

Harsha tolerant to Stemborer, leaf blight and wilt

Varun tolerant to drought.

Special Varieties
8. Amber Pop Corn Sutable for Irrigated conditions 95-105 10-14 For Pop Corn suitable
9. Madhuri (Sweet Corn) Sutable for Irrigated conditions 65-70 30-35 thousand fresh cobs Sweet Corn. 30-36% sugars. Suitable for table purpose after boiling.
10. Priya Sweet Corn Sutable for Irrigated conditions 70-75 30-35 thousand fresh cobs Sweet Corn. 30-36% sugars. Suitable for table purpose after boiling. Cob size bigger than Madhuri variety

In normal conditions long duration verities can be sown. Under rainfed conditions short and medium duration may be preferred.


 
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