The cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) is
a common sunflower and native of southern United states , from where
it was taken to Spain before the middle of the sixteenth century.
In nineteenth century the cultivation of sunflower
as an oilseed crop began in the former Soviet Union and the majority
of the present day varieties grown all over the world trace back their
origin to the USSR ,In Hindi the sunflower is called Surajmukhi.
The sunflower owes its economic value to its utility
as an oilseed or fodder crop.
As a fodder or forage crop,sunflower is fed green
or converted into silage which is popular in USA,Canada and in some
The sunflower crop was introduced into India in 1965
and according to some estimates of the trade and the Vanaspati Manufacturer's Association
,the sunflower was grown in India during 1975-76 as a commercial crop
under 3,88,000 hectares of land.
The sunflower is gaining ground as a newer oilseed
towards self sufficiency in vegetable oils(Vanaspati Ghee )
The cultivated sunflower is evolved in North America,
but now it is cultivated in warm temperate, subtropical and tropical
climates throughout the world.