Soils And Climate


  • Pigeonpea requires light textured, well drained soil, though, it is grown on a wide range of soils ranging from sandy to clay.
  • Soil should be neutral in reaction and well drained.
  • It can be grown successfully on soils having pH range of 6.5 to 7.5


  • Pigeonpea is mainly grown in tropical and sub-tropical climate.
  • The prominent pigeonpea states growing are Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Gujarat,Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • It is highly susceptible even to light frost.
  • Though, it can tolerate heavy rains provided waterlogging does not take place.
  • It has the capacity to tolerate moisture stress to a great extent because of its deep root system.