• Availability of Pigeon pea, Growth in production during the last 20 years has been adequate to maintain the daily availability of pigeonpea at slightly less than 10g. percapita for Indias' rapidly growing population.
  • In contrast the availability of pulses per capita has steadily fallen from nearly 70g day-1 in 1960 to lower level of 30g day-1 in 1980.

Marketed Surplus

  • PigeonPea is regarded as a crop mainly grown for home consumption - Estimates of marketed surplus vary considerably.
  • The estimated marketable surplus may be 60-76% in the major pigeon pea producing states.
  • Records of pigeon pea sales by panel of farms in districts in A.P(composite) and Maharashtra indicate that pigeon pea sales are highly variable.

Market Channels And Price Determination

  • Pigeon Pea dhall is the dominant form in which pigeon pea is sold to consumers, and the only form of pigeon pea marketed in India.
  • In small mills yield ranges from 50-82% with mean as 62% In large mills yields are higher with a mean of 71% and they range from 60-85%.
  • Processing Pigeonpea yields 3 grades of dhall.
  • 40-50% is of the best grade obtained from the first rolling.
  • Second rolling yields 35-40% of the second grade dhall.
  • Lowest grader is 10-15% obtained from the immature deformed or damaged pods.
  • Third Grade dhall not usually sold separately but mixed with 2nd grade dhall. Pigeon pea is sold directly by farmers in rural assembly market, or to middle men.
  • Local dhall millers are either supplied by middle men or procure from local market. About 30% of the Pigeon pea trade goes directly to local dhall mills.
  • Whole sale traders supply material to urban dhall millers. Retailers distribute dhall from millers to consumers.
  • In regulated assembly markets prices are determined in open, ascending-bid auctions for fully displayed lots.
  • Lots are ungraded and their sizes vary.
  • Buyers can inspect lots before auction sellers are not required to sell lots offered at auction and many privately negotiate the sale of lots withdrawn from auction.

Marketing Problems

  • Reduntant middleman
  • Prices plummeting after harvest
  • Absence of grades and standards
  • Improperly planned production and procurement.
  • Information on area, production, price, farm retention, and marketable surplus are not available to the farmers.