Delayed Monsoon and moisture scarcity

  • Grow short duration and drought resistant varieties.
  • Go for Zero tillage.
  • For hastening the emergence sow presoaked seeds.
  • Growing wheat on Raised beds ensures lesser use of water with utmost importance.
  • Conserve soil moisture by adequate and effective bunding.
  • Mulching should be done with tree leaves, maize or rice straw for conserving soil moisture.
  • Plough the field immediately after cesation of monsoon.
  • Efficient planking should be done to preserve moisture and to prevent excessive exposure of soil to sun.
  • Heavy patta /roller should be run over the field if moisture has been depleted from the field.
  • The following stages are critical and hence the crop should be saved from stress (moisture, nutrition, heat, weeds sunlight etc)

  • Emergence, Crown Root Initiation (CRI), Tillering, Jointing, Booting, Heading, Flowering and Ripening.


Weed Menace

    To overcome weed problem follow the following,

  • Competitive wheat cultivars with early vigor, a tall growth habit and wide leaves which will shade many weed seedlings.
  • Clean seed: ensure that wheat seed is free of weed seeds.
  • Delayed sowing: sowing can be delayed in order to achieve a weed germination that can then be cultivated prior to sowing. Delayed sowing can often result in reduced yield.
  • Seeding rate: this can be increased to reduce the competitive ability of grass weed species.


Fertilizer Usage

  • Use of phosphatic fertilizers along with nitrogen is very essential both under irrigated and rain fed conditions. The N:P ratio of 1:1 or 1.5:1 be maintained.
  • Application of Potash to the wheat crop on tube well irrigated soils or sandy type soils or crop sown after rice, sugarcane etc is essential.
  • Late planting should be completed by 15 December and all fertilizers be applied at planting time.